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Publications 1971-1980, #28–96

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28. "On the Behavior of Aerosols Under Fast Reactor Accident Conditions," A. W. Castleman, Jr., F. L. Horn and G. C. Lindauer, Proc. Int. Congress Diffusion of Fission Products, Saclay, France, Nov. 1969, Diffusion des Produits de Fission, 411-26 (1971).

29. "Rapporteur's Summary of Session No. 4, Behavior and Trapping of Fission Products in Primary Reactor Circuits and in Confinement Vessels of Fast Neutron Reactors," A. W. Castleman, Jr., Proc. Int. Congress Diffusion of Fission Products, Saclay, France, Nov. 1969, Diffusion des Produits de Fission, 503-19 (1971).

30. "Heavy Metal Ion Clusters," A. W. Castleman, Jr., and I. N. Tang, Nature, 234, 129 (1971); also see 234, 324 (1971).

31. "SO2 - Metal Ion Clusters," I. N. Tang, H. R. Munkelwitz and A. W. Castleman, Jr., Nature, 230, 175 (1971); also see 230, 431 (197l).

32. "Clustering of Sulfur Dioxide and Water Vapor about Oxonium and Nitric Oxide Ions," A. W. Castleman, Jr., I. N. Tang and H. R. Munkelwitz, Science, 173, 1025 (1971).

33. "Behavior of Aerosols Undergoing Brownian Coagulation and Gravitational Settling in Closed Systems," G. C. Lindauer and A. W. Castleman, Jr., J. Aerosol Sci., 2, 85 (1971).

34. "Initial Size Distributions of Aerosols," G. C. Lindauer and A. W. Castleman, Jr., Nucl. Sci. Eng., 43, 212 (1971).

35. "Thermodynamic Properties of Solutions of Group IV Metals Dissolved in Liquid Sodium--I. Sodium-Germanium Solutions," P. Hubberstey and A. W. Castleman, Jr., J. Electrochem. Soc., 119, 963 (1972).

36. "Clustering About Ions: Bond Energies, Structure and Relationship to Embryo Formation," A. W. Castleman, Jr. and I. N. Tang, Proc. Int. Workshop on Nucleation Theory and Its Application, Clark College, Atlanta, April 10-12, 1972, pp 173-179.

37. "Role of Small Clusters in Nucleation About Ions," A. W. Castleman, Jr. and I. N. Tang, J. Chem. Phys., 57, 3629 (1972).

38. "Mass Spectrometric Study of the Gas-Phase Hydration of the Monovalent Lead Ion," I. N. Tang and A. W. Castleman, Jr., J. Chem. Phys., 57, 3638 (1972).

39. "Molecular Clustering About Gaseous Metal Ions," A. W. Castleman, Jr. and I. N. Tang, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc., Series II, 17, 392 (1972).

40. "The Contribution of Volcanic Sulfur Compounds to the Stratospheric Aerosol Layer," H. R. Munkelwitz, A. W. Castleman, Jr. and B. Manowitz, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 53, 1064 (1972).

41. "Thermodynamic Properties of Solutions of Group IV Metals Dissolved in Liquid Sodium--II. Sodium-Tin Solutions," P. Hubberstey and A. W. Castleman, Jr., J. Electrochem. Soc., 119, 967 (1972).

42. "Contribution of Volcanic Sulfur Compounds to the Stratospheric Aerosol Layer," A. W. Castleman, Jr., H. R. Munkelwitz and B. Manowitz, Nature, 244, 345 (1973).

43. "Mechanisms of Aerosol Formation from SO2 and NO2," W. P. Wood, A. W. Castleman, Jr., and I. N. Tang, J. Aerosol Sci., 6, 367 (1975).

44. "Clustering of H2O and NH3 About the Monovalent Bismuth Ion," A. W. Castleman, Jr., and I. N. Tang, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc., 19, 154 (1974).

45. "On the Molecular Properties of Atmospheric Ion Clusters and Their Relationship to Nucleation," A. W. Castleman, Jr. and I. N. Tang, Proc. Fifth Int. Conference on Atmospheric Electricity, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany, Sept. 2-7, 2975.

46. "Requisite Research in the Atmospheric Sciences: An Advisory Committee Report," A. W. Castleman, Jr., S. Berry, J. G. Calvert, P. Crutzen, E. Ferguson, G. M. Hidy, F. P. Hudson, and F. T. Smith, ERDA 76-75, June, 1975.

47. "Isotope and Concentration Measurements of Stratospheric Sulfate," A. W. Castleman, Jr., H. R. Munkelwitz and B. Manowitz, Proc. International Conference on the Structure, Composition and General Circulation of the Upper and Lower Atmosphere and Possible Antropogenic Perturbations, Melbourne, Australia, Jan. 14-25, 1971, I, 119-127.

48. "Clustering About Atmospheric Ions," A. W. Castleman, Jr., I. N. Tang, W. P. Wood and H. R. Munkelwitz, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 54, 279 (1973).

49. "Chemical Reactions and Nucleation Processes," A. W. Castleman, Jr., Proc. Stockholm Tropospheric Aerosol Seminar, University of Stockholm, August 1973, Report AP-14, 52-53.

50. "Isotopic Studies of the Sulfur Component of the Stratospheric Aerosol Layer," A. W. Castleman, Jr., Proc. Stockholm Tropospheric Aerosol Seminar, University of Stockholm, August 1973, Report AP-14, 51.

51. "Aerosol Chemistry," A. W. Castleman, Jr., in Physics and Chemistry of Upper Atmospheres, B. M. McCormac, Ed., D. Reidel, 1973, pp 143-157.

52. "Kinetics of Association Reactions Pertaining to H2SO4 Aerosol Formation," (with R. E. Davis, H. R. Munkelwitz, I. N. Tang and W. P. Wood), Int. J. Chem. Kinetics, Symposium No. 1, 629-640 (1975).

53. "The Mechanics of Surface and Nucleation Processes in the Upper Atmosphere," A. W. Castleman, Jr., Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 56, 1116 (1974).

54. "Mass Spectrometric Study of Gas-Phase Clustering Reactions: Hydration of the Monovalent Bismuth Ion," I. N. Tang and A. W. Castleman, Jr., J. Chem. Phys., 60, 3981 (1974).

55. "Nucleation Processes and Aerosol Chemistry," A. W. Castleman, Jr., Space Sci. Rev., 15, 547 (1974).

56. "Isotopic Studies of the Sulfur Component of the Stratospheric Aerosol Layer," A. W. Castleman, Jr., H. R. Munkelwitz and B. Manowitz, Tellus, 26, 222 (1974).

57. "Heterogeneous Processes and the Chemistry of Aerosol Formation in the Upper Atmosphere" (with R. E. Davis, I. N. Tang and J. A. Bell) Proc. Fourth Conference on the Climatic Impact Assessment Program, Cambridge, MA, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC (Feb. 4-7, 1975).

59. "Gas-Phase Solvation of the Ammonium Ion in Ammonia," A. W. Castleman, Jr. and I. N. Tang, J. Chem. Phys., 62, 4576 (1975).

60. "Subpanel 2. Chemical and Physical Transformations," (A. W. Castleman, Jr., Chairman, with R. Blaunstein, D. Davis, R. G. de Pena, W. H. Duewer J. P. Friend, C. S. Kiang, L. Newman, and K. Whitby) Proc. Chemist/Meteorologist Workshop, ERDA-1217-75, 21-31 (1975).

61. "The Stratosphere Perturbed by Propulsion Effluents," (with G. M. Hidy, J. P. Friend and J. Huntzicker), Climatic Impact Assessment Program Monograph 3, Chap. 6, Aerosols from Engine Effluents, pp 6-1 - 6-42, U. S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC (1975).

62. "Role of Ions in Heteromolecular Nucleation," Colloid and Interface Science, Vol. II. Aerosols, Emulsions, and Surfactants, Ed. M. Kerker, Academic Press, p. 305 (1976).

63. "Mass Spectrometric Study of Gas-Phase Clustering Reactions: Hydration of the Monovalent Strontium Ion," (with M. S. Lian and I. N. Tang) J. Chem. Phys., 65, 4022 (1976).

64. "Kinetics of the Association Reaction of SO2 with the Hydroxyl Radical," A. W. Castleman, Jr. and I. N. Tang, J. Photochem., 6, 349 (1976/77).

65. "Aerosols in the Atmosphere: Their Origin and Role in Heterogeneous Processes," Atmospheric Aerosols: Their Optical Properties and Effects, pp MC1-1 to MC1-2, NASACP-20004 (1976).

66. "Relationship Between Ions, Nucleation and Aerosol Formation," Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 57, 30 (1976).

67. "Analytical Studies for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency," Vol. III, Research and Development in the Environmental Protection Agency Report of the Environmental Research Assessment Committee (John Neubold, Chairman, A. W. Castleman, Jr., et al.) Commission on Natural Resources, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC, 1977.

68. "Gas Phase Complexes: Considerations of the Stability of Clusters in the Sulfur Trioxide-Water System," P. M. Holland and A. W. Castleman, Jr., Chem. Phys. Lett., 56, 511 (1978).

69. "The Properties of Ion Clusters and Their Relationship to Heteromolecular Nucleation," A. W. Castleman, Jr., P. M. Holland and R. G. Keesee, J. Chem. Phys., 68, 1760 (1978).

70. "The Properties of Clusters in the Gas Phase. 2. Ammonia About Metal Ions," A. W. Castleman, Jr., P. M. Holland, D. M. Lindsay and K. I. Peterson, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 100, 6039-45 (1978).

71. "The Properties of Clusters in the Gas Phase: Ammonia about Bi+, Rb+, K+," A. W. Castleman, Jr., Chem. Phys. Lett., 53, 560-64 (1978).

72. "Studies of Ion Clusters: Relationship to Understanding Nucleation and Solvation Phenomena," A. W. Castleman, Jr., in Kinetics of Ion Molecule Reactions, P. Ausloos, Ed., Plenum Press, New York, l979, pp 295-391.

73. "Nucleation and Molecular Clustering About Ions," A. W. Castleman, Jr., in Advances in Colloid and Interface Science 'Nucleation', A. Zettlemoyer, Ed., Elsevier Press, Oxford, England, 1979, pp 73-128.

74. "A Reconsideration of Nucleation Phenomena in Light of Recent Findings Concerning the Properties of Small Clusters, and a Brief Review of Some Other Particle Growth Processes," A. W. Castleman, Jr., Astrophys. Space Sci., 65, 337-49 (1979).

75. "Statistical Mechanics of Nucleation and Early Stages of Aerosol Growth: Implications of Recent Experimental Findings," A. W. Castleman, Jr., J. Aerosol Sci., 10, 183-85 (1979).

76. "Atmospheric Negative Ion Hydration Derived from Laboratory Results and Comparison to Rocket-Borne Measurements in the Lower Ionosphere," R. G. Keesee, N. Lee and A. W. Castleman, Jr., J. Geophys. Res., 84, 3719-22 (1979).

77. "Properties of Clusters in the Gas Phase. 3. Hydration Complexes of CO3- and HCO3-," R. G. Keesee, N. Lee and A. W. Castleman, Jr., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 101, 2599-604 (1979).

78. "Position Paper on Heterogeneous Reactions," A. W. Castleman, Jr., in NASA Reference Publication, The Stratosphere: Present and Future, No. 1049, R. D. Hudson and E. I. Reed, Eds., Chap. 1, Laboratory Measurements, 1979, pp 1-64.

79. "Studies of Atomic Molecular and Ion Clusters by Mass Spectrometric Techniques," T. D. Märk and A. W. Castleman, Jr., DOE Conference on Mass Spectrometry, Seattle, December, 1979.

80. "Properties of the Gas Phase Reactions of Na+ with CO2 and CO2-H2O," K. I. Peterson, T. D. Märk and A. W. Castleman, Jr., Proc. Vth Europhysics Sectional Conference on the Atomic and Molecular Physics of Ionized Gases (ESCAMPIG), Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia, September 1-3, 1980.

81. "The Formation and Properties of Ion Clusters," A. W. Castleman, Jr., P. M. Holland, T. D. Märk, K. I. Peterson and R. G. Keesee, Proc. Vth Europhysics Sectional Conference on the Atomic and Molecular Physics of Ionized Gases (ESCAMPIG), Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia, September 1-3, 1980.

82. "Post Collision Interaction in the Electron Impact Ionization of Rare Gas Dimers," T. D. Märk and A. W. Castleman, Jr., Proc. Xth Summer School and Symposium on Physics of Ionized Gases (SPIG 80), Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia, August 25-30, 1980.

83. "Low Energy Electron Impact Ionization of Rare Gases: Compilation of Theoretical Results and Comparison with Experimental Data," L. D. Pitchford, T. D. Märk and A. W. Castleman, Jr., Proc. Xth Summer School and Symposium on Physics of Ionized Gases (SPIG 80), Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia, August 25-30, 1980.

84. "Electron Impact Ionization Studies of Clusters," A. W. Castleman, Jr., T. D. Märk, B. D. Kay and K. I. Peterson, Proc. Xth Summer School and Symposium on Physics of Ionized Gases (SPIG 80), Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia, August 25-30, 1980.

85. "On the Correlation of Total and Partial Enthalpies of Ion Solvation and the Relationship to the Energy Barrier to Nucleation," N. Lee, R. G. Keesee and A. W. Castleman, Jr., J. Colloid Interface Sci., 75, 555 (1980).

86. "A Model for the Formation and Stabilization of Charged Water Clathrates," P. M. Holland and A. W. Castleman, Jr., J. Chem. Phys., 72, 5984-90 (1980).

87. "Heats of Formation of SO2Cl- and (SO2)Cl-," R. G. Keesee and A. W. Castleman, Jr., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 102, 1446 (1980).

88. "The Properties of Clusters in the Gas Phase. IV. Complexes of H2O and HNOx Clustering on NOx-," N. Lee, R. G. Keesee and A. W. Castleman, Jr., J. Chem. Phys., 72, 1089 (1980).

89. "Comment on the Interpretation of Repeller Curves Obtained with Nier Type Electron Impact Ion Sources," T. D. Märk and A. W. Castleman, Jr., J. Phys. E: Sci. Instrum., 13, 1121-24 (1980).

90. "Gas-Phase Complexes of Cu+ and Ag+ via Thermionic Emission Sources," P. M. Holland and A. W. Castleman, Jr., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 102, 6174 (1980).

91. "Properties of Clusters in the Gas Phase. V. Complexes of Neutral Molecules onto Negative Ions," R. G. Keesee, N. Lee and A. W. Castleman, Jr., J. Chem. Phys., 73, 2195 (1980).

92. "Gas-Phase Studies of Hydration Complexes of Cl- and I- and Comparison to Electrostatic Calculations in the Gas Phase," R. G. Keesee and A. W. Castleman, Jr., Chem. Phys. Lett., 74, 139-42 (1980).

93. "New Gas-Phase Inorganic Ion Cluster Species and Their Atmospheric Implications," T. D. Märk, K. I. Peterson and A. W. Castleman, Jr., Nature, 285, 392 (1980).

94. "Single Ionization of Ammonia Clusters and Double Ionization of Heteronuclear Rare Gas Dimers," T. D. Märk, K. I. Peterson and A. W. Castleman, Jr., Proc. 28th Annual Conference on Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics, New York City, May 25-30, 1980, W. L. Fite, Ed., 251-252.

95. "Thermochemical Studies of Ion Clusters: Bond Energies and Relationship to Solvation," A. W. Castleman, Jr., P. M. Holland, T. D. Märk and K. I. Peterson, Proc. 28th Annual Conference on Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics, New York City, May 25-30, 1980, W. L. Fite, Ed., 68-69.

96. "Clustering of Water Vapor on Ions and Neutral Molecules," A. W. Castleman, Jr., in Atmospheric Water Vapor, A. Deepak, T. D. Wilkerson and L. H. Ruhnke, Eds., Academic Press, 1980, pp 599-612.